The basics for a new user As a new user, you can get started with Bitcoin without understanding the technical details. Once you've installed a Bitcoin wallet on your computer or mobile phone, it will generate your first Bitcoin address and you can create more whenever you need one. You can disclose your addresses to your friends so that they can pay you or vice versa. In fact, this is pretty similar to how email works, except that Bitcoin addresses should be used only once. Balances - block chain The block chain is a shared public ledger on which the entire Bitcoin network relies. All confirmed transactions are included in the block chain. It allows Bitcoin wallets to calculate their spendable balance so that new transactions can be verified thereby ensuring they're actually owned by the spender. The integrity and the chronological order of the block chain are enforced with cryptography. Transactions - private keys A transaction is a transfer of value between Bitcoin wallets that gets included in the block chain. Bitcoin wallets keep a secret piece of data called a private key or seed, which is used to sign transactions, providing a mathematical proof that they have come from the owner of the wallet. The signature also prevents the transaction from being altered by anybody once it has been issued. All transactions are broadcast to the network and usually begin to be confirmed within 10-20 minutes, through a process called mining. Processing - mining Mining is a distributed consensus system that is used to confirm pending transactions by including them in the block chain. It enforces a chronological order in the block chain, protects the neutrality of the network, and allows different computers to agree on the state of the system. To be confirmed, transactions must be packed in a block that fits very strict cryptographic rules that will be verified by the network. These rules prevent previous blocks from being modified because doing so would invalidate all the subsequent blocks. Mining also creates the equivalent of a competitive lottery that prevents any individual from easily adding new blocks consecutively to the block chain. In this way, no group or individuals can control what is included in the block chain or replace parts of the block chain to roll back their own spends. Going down the rabbit hole This is just a short summary of Bitcoin. If you want to learn more of the details, you can read the original paper that describes its design, the developer documentation, or explore the Bitcoin wiki. FAQ General What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin is a consensus network that enables a new payment system and a completely digital money. It is the first decentralized peer-to-peer payment network that is powered by its users with no central authority or middlemen. From a user perspective, Bitcoin is pretty much like cash for the Internet. Bitcoin can also be seen as the most prominent triple entry bookkeeping system in existence. Who created Bitcoin? Bitcoin is the first implementation of a concept called "cryptocurrency", which was first described in 1998 by Wei Dai on the cypherpunks mailing list, suggesting the idea of a new form of money that uses cryptography to control its creation and transactions, rather than a central authority. The first Bitcoin specification and proof of concept was published in 2009 in a cryptography mailing list by Satoshi Nakamoto. Satoshi left the project in late 2010 without revealing much about himself. The community has since grown exponentially with many developers working on Bitcoin. Satoshi's anonymity often raised unjustified concerns, many of which are linked to misunderstanding of the open-source nature of Bitcoin. The Bitcoin protocol and software are published openly and any developer around the world can review the code or make their own modified version of the Bitcoin software. Just like current developers, Satoshi's influence was limited to the changes he made being adopted by others and therefore he did not control Bitcoin. As such, the identity of Bitcoin's inventor is probably as relevant today as the identity of the person who invented paper.
Ethereum is the foundation for a new era of the internet: • An internet where money and payments are built in. • An internet where users can own their data, and your apps don’t spy and steal from you. • An internet where everyone has access to an open financial system. • An internet built on neutral, open-access infrastructure, controlled by no company or person. Launched in 2015, Ethereum is the world’s programmable blockchain. Like other blockchains, Ethereum has a native cryptocurrency called Ether (ETH). ETH is digital money. If you’ve heard of Bitcoin, ETH has many of the same features. It is purely digital, and can be sent to anyone anywhere in the world instantly. The supply of ETH isn’t controlled by any government or company - it is decentralized, and it is scarce. People all over the world use ETH to make payments, as a store of value, or as collateral. But unlike other blockchains, Ethereum can do much more. Ethereum is programmable, which means that developers can use it to build new kinds of applications. These decentralized applications (or “dapps”) gain the benefits of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology. They are reliable and predictable, meaning that once they are “uploaded” to Ethereum, they will always run as programmed. They can control digital assets in order to create new kinds of financial applications. They can be decentralized, meaning that no single entity or person controls them. Right now, thousands of developers all over the world are building applications on Ethereum, and inventing new kinds of applications, many of which you can use today: • Cryptocurrency wallets that let you make cheap, instant payments with ETH or other assets • Financial applications that let you borrow, lend, or invest your digital assets • Decentralized markets, that let you trade digital assets, or even trade “predictions” about events in the real world • Games where you own in-game assets, and can even make real money • And much, much more. The Ethereum community is the largest and most active blockchain community in the world. It includes core protocol developers, cryptoeconomic researchers, artists, cypherpunks, mining organizations, ETH holders, gamers, app developers, grandmothers, anarchists, fortune 500 companies, and, as of now, you. There is no company or centralized organization that controls Ethereum. Ethereum is maintained and improved over time by a diverse global community of contributors who work on everything from the core protocol to consumer applications. This website, just like the rest of Ethereum, was built - and continues to be built - by a collection of people working together.
XRP is the native cryptocurrency of the XRP Ledger. All accounts in the XRP Ledger can send XRP among one another and must hold a minimum amount of XRP as a reserve. XRP can be sent directly from any XRP Ledger address to any other, without needing a gateway or liquidity provider. This helps make XRP a convenient bridge currency. Some advanced features of the XRP Ledger, such as Escrow and Payment Channels, only work with XRP. Order book autobridging uses XRP to deepen liquidity in the decentralized exchange by merging order books of two issued currencies with XRP order books to create synthetic combined order books. (For example, autobridging matches USD:XRP and XRP:EUR orders to augment USD:EUR order books.) XRP also serves as a protective measure against spamming the network. All XRP Ledger addresses need a small amount of XRP to offset the costs of maintaining the XRP Ledger. The transaction cost and reserve are neutral fees denominated in XRP and not paid to any party. In the ledger's data format, XRP is stored in AccountRoot objects. Some of the desirable properties of XRP come from the nature of the XRP Ledger and its consensus process. The XRP Ledger does not require mining and the consensus process does not require multiple confirmations for immutability, which makes the XRP Ledger faster and more efficient at processing transactions than Bitcoin and other top cryptocurrencies.
Bitcoin Cash is a peer-to-peer electronic cash system. It's a permissionless, decentralized cryptocurrency that requires no trusted third parties and no central bank. In 2017, the Bitcoin project and its community split in two. Perhaps the least controversial way to refer to each side is simply by their respective ticker symbols, BTC and BCH. Bitcoin Cash is usually represented by the BCH ticker symbol and is considered by its supporters to be the legitimate continuation of the Bitcoin project as peer-to-peer digital cash. With Bitcoin Cash, you can send money to anyone, anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Like the Internet itself, the network is always on. No transaction is too big or too small. And you never need anyone’s permission or approval. The seizing of capital from account holders (“bail-ins”) that occurred in Cyprus and nearly in Greece, demonstrated that bank deposits are only as safe as political leaders decide. Even under the best of conditions, banks can make mistakes, hold funds, freeze accounts, and otherwise prevent you from accessing your own money. Banks can also decide to block your transactions, charge you fees, or close your account without warning. Bitcoin Cash gives you full, sovereign control over your funds, which you can access from anywhere in the world.
Launched in 2014, Tether is a blockchain-enabled platform designed to facilitate the use of fiat currencies in a digital manner. Tether works to disrupt the conventional financial system via a more modern approach to money. Tether has made headway by giving customers the ability to transact with traditional currencies across the blockchain, without the inherent volatility and complexity typically associated with a digital currency. As the first blockchain-enabled platform to facilitate the digital use of traditional currencies (a familiar, stable accounting unit), Tether has democratised cross-border transactions across the blockchain. Tethers exist as digital tokens built on bitcoin (Omni and Liquid Protocol), Ethereum, EOS and Tron blockchains. These transport protocols consist of open source software that interface with blockchains to allow for the issuance and redemption of cryptocurrency tokens, in our case, “tethers.” Tether Platform currencies are 100% backed by Tether’s reserves. Tethers are redeemable and exchangeable pursuant to Tether Limited’s terms of service. The conversion rate is 1 tether USD₮ equals 1 USD. The Tether Platform is fully reserved when the sum of all tethers in circulation is less than or equal to the value of our reserves. Through our Transparency page, anyone can view both of these numbers on a daily basis.1 Tether was originally created to use the Bitcoin network as its transport protocol—specifically, the Omni Layer—to allow transactions of tokenised traditional currency. Since this original version of Tether uses the Bitcoin blockchain it inherits the inherent stability and security of the longest established blockchain network. Tether on the Ethereum blockchain, as an ERC20 token, is a newer transport layer, which now makes tether available in Ethereum smart contracts or decentralised applications on Ethereum. As a standard ERC20 token it can also be sent to any Ethereum address. Since Tether is currently available using different transport protocols, when users send tethers to other addresses, they need to carefully check the destination address to confirm they are selecting the correct transport protocol.
BSV, which stands for Bitcoin SV (Satoshi Vision), is the new ticker symbol used by exchanges to identify the proper token that represents the original or legacy Bitcoin Protocol as defined by the Bitcoin White Paper written by Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin SV is much more than just a digital currency to be used for global payments; it is also an immutable global public data ledger that enterprises can use to power blockchain applications that transform their businesses in new and exciting ways. This “Satoshi Vision” was derailed by prior Bitcoin developers who artificially limited the capabilities of Bitcoin’s blockchain in favor of off-chain scaling strategies, but it is finally possible now that the Bitcoin Protocol is being fully restored to its original design. Bitcoin Satoshi Vision (BSV) is the only protocol that can unleash the true power of blockchain technology. By using Bitcoin’s original design described in the white paper and locking down the original Bitcoin Protocol, Bitcoin SV enables application developers and major enterprises to build on top of a stable and regulatory-friendly blockchain much the same way as businesses built for years on top of a stable internet protocol.
Litecoin is a peer-to-peer Internet currency that enables instant, near-zero cost payments to anyone in the world. Litecoin is an open source, global payment network that is fully decentralized without any central authorities. Mathematics secures the network and empowers individuals to control their own finances. Litecoin features faster transaction confirmation times and improved storage efficiency than the leading math-based currency. With substantial industry support, trade volume and liquidity, Litecoin is a proven medium of commerce complementary to Bitcoin. Litecoin is an open source software project released under the MIT/X11 license which gives you the power to run, modify, and copy the software and to distribute, at your option, modified copies of the software. The software is released in a transparent process that allows for independent verification of binaries and their corresponding source code.
EOSIO is a next-generation, open-source blockchain protocol with industry-leading transaction speed and flexible utility. Introduced in May 2017, it has since been widely recognized as the first performant blockchain platform for businesses across the world. EOSIO is a blockchain platform designed for the real world. Built for both public and private use cases, EOSIO is customizable to suit a wide range of business needs across industries with rich role-based security permissions, industry-leading speeds and secure application processing. Building on EOSIO follows familiar development patterns and programming languages used by existing non-blockchain applications so developers can create a seamless user experience using development tools they already know and love.
BNB powers the Binance Ecosystem. As the native coin of Binance Chain, BNB has multiple use cases: fueling transactions on the Chain, paying for transaction fees on Binance Exchange, making in-store payments, and many more.
Tezos is an open-source platform for assets and applications that can evolve by upgrading itself. Stakeholders govern upgrades to the core protocol, including upgrades to the amendment process itself. Self-amendment allows Tezos to upgrade itself without having to split (“fork”) the network into two different blockchains. This is important as the suggestion or expectation of a fork can divide the community, alter stakeholder incentives, and disrupt the network effects that are formed over time. Because of self-amendment, coordination and execution costs for protocol upgrades are reduced and future innovations can be seamlessly implemented. In Tezos, all stakeholders can participate in governing the protocol. The election cycle provides a formal and systematic procedure for stakeholders to reach agreement on proposed protocol amendments. By combining this on-chain mechanism with self-amendment, Tezos can change this initial election process to adopt better governance mechanisms when they are discovered. Proposed amendments that are accepted by stakeholders can include payment to individuals or groups that improve the protocol. This funding mechanism encourages robust participation and decentralizes the maintenance of the network. Fostering an active, open, and diverse developer ecosystem that is incentivized to contribute to the protocol will facilitate Tezos development and adoption.
Chainlink is a general-purpose framework for building decentralized oracle networks that give your smart contract access to secure and reliable data inputs and outputs. Each decentralized oracle network consists of a collection of independent node operators, a method for aggregating data, and pre-made "Chainlinks" (also called external adaptor) that act as middleware to give you access to any API you want to leverage for data and/or external services. You can take advantage of existing oracle networks, such as our Price Reference Data feeds for DeFi, providing highly accurate market prices, or you can build your own oracle network and external adaptor. Chainlink currently provides decentralization at both the oracle and data source level. By using multiple independent Chainlink nodes, the user can protect against one oracle being a single point of failure. Similarly, using multiple data sources for sourcing market prices, the user can protect against one data source being a single source of truth. Both of these ensure that the oracle mechanism triggering your important smart contract is as secure and reliable as the underlying blockchain. You can use Chainlink to connect to data providers, web APIs, enterprise systems, cloud providers, IoT devices, payment systems, other blockchains and much more.
Cardano is home to the Ada cryptocurrency, which can be used to send and receive digital funds. This digital cash represents the future of money, making possible fast, direct transfers that are guaranteed to be secure through the use of cryptography. Cardano is more than just a cryptocurrency, however, it is a technological platform that will be capable of running financial applications currently used every day by individuals, organisations and governments all around the world. The platform is being constructed in layers, which gives the system the flexibility to be more easily maintained and allow for upgrades by way of soft forks. After the settlement layer that will run Ada is complete, a separate computing layer will be built to handle smart contracts, the digital legal agreements that will underpin future commerce and business. Cardano will also run decentralised applications, or dapps, services not controlled by any single party but instead operate on a blockchain. This is the first blockchain project to be developed from a scientific philosophy, and the only one to be designed and built by a global team of leading academics and engineers. It is essential that the technology is secure, flexible and scalable for use by many millions of users. Consequently, considerable thought and care from some of the leading experts in their fields has been devoted to the project and informed design decisions. The scientific rigour applied to mission-critical systems such as aerospace and banking has been brought to the field of cryptocurrencies, with a high assurance implementation. We believe this is the first time that this has been done. A major innovation of Cardano is that it will balance the needs of users with those of regulators, and in doing so combine privacy with regulation. The vision for Cardano is that its new style of regulated computing will bring greater financial inclusion by providing open access for all to fair financial services.
Stellar is an open-source network for currencies and payments. Stellar makes it possible to create, send and trade digital representations of all forms of money—dollars, pesos, bitcoin, pretty much anything. It’s designed so all the world’s financial systems can work together on a single network. Stellar has no owner; if anything it’s owned by the public. The software runs across a decentralized, open network and handles millions of transactions each day. Like Bitcoin and Ethereum, Stellar relies on blockchain to keep the network in sync, but the end-user experience is more like cash—Stellar is much faster, cheaper, and more energy-efficient than typical blockchain-based systems. The Stellar network launched in 2015. Since then it’s processed more than 450 million operations made by over 4 million individual accounts. Companies as big as IBM and Franklin Templeton and as small as single-dev startups have chosen Stellar to move money and access new markets. From the beginning, Stellar has been cryptocurrency-adjacent, but the software has always been intended to enhance rather than undermine or replace the existing financial system. Whereas, say, the Bitcoin network was made for trading only bitcoins, Stellar is a decentralized system that’s great for trading any kind of money in a transparent and efficient way. The Stellar network has a native digital currency, the lumen, that’s required in small amounts for initializing accounts and making transactions (you can read more about that here) but, beyond those requirements, Stellar doesn’t privilege any particular currency. It’s specifically designed to make traditional forms of money—the money people have been spending and saving for centuries—more useful and accessible. For example, here’s what you can do with Stellar. You can create a digital representation of a U.S. dollar—on Stellar you’d call this a “dollar token”—and you can tell the world that whenever someone deposits a traditional dollar with you, you’ll issue them one of your new tokens. When someone brings that “dollar token” back to you, you promise to redeem it in turn for one of the regular dollars in that deposit account. Essentially, you set up a 1:1 relationship between your digital token and a traditional dollar. Every one of your tokens out in the world is backed by an equivalent deposit. So while people hold the tokens, they can treat them just like traditional money, because they know that they’re exchangeable for traditional money in the end.
TRONIX is a MainNet token based on the TRON Protocol issued by TRON Foundation, known as TRX. TRX is the basic unit of accounts on the TRON blockchain. The value of all other tokens derives from that of TRON. TRX is also a natural medium currency for all TRC-based tokens. TRX connects the entire TRON ecosystem, with abundant application scenarios that power transactions and applications on the chain. The ERC20-based TRX issued by Ethereum has been migrated to TRON's MainNet from June 21-25, 2018, Beijing time. If investors have missed the migration announcement and therefore missed the migration period, they can exchange TRON MainNet tokens at exchanges that permanently support TRX migration. Exchanges that permanently support TRX migration: Binance,Gate.io, Kucoin.
UNUS SED LEO is a utility token designed to empower the Bitfinex community and provide utility for those seeking to maximize the output and capabilities of the Bitfinex trading platform. Upon publishing the UNUS SED LEO whitepaper on Friday, May 10th, Bitfinex conducted and completed in under a week a private sale of 100% of outstanding UNUS SED LEO tokens in exchange for one billion USDt worth of Bitcoin, USD, and USDt. The overwhelming response and expedient execution of the token sale represents a new milestone for Bitfinex and the greater Blockchain community. Token holders will experience benefits across the entire portfolio and are expected to obtain benefits from future projects, products, and services, as detailed in the whitepaper. Benefits of holding UNUS SED LEO (commencing within three months) include (but are not limited to): Bitfinex taker fee reduction -- All levels of taker fees for those holding the token will be reduced by 15% over all crypto-to-crypto pairs (including crypto-to-stablecoin). Bitfinex lending fee reduction -- P2P financing lenders will get a fee discount equal to 0.05% for every 10,000 USDt in UNUS SED LEO tokens held (on average) in the trader’s account during the previous month (calculated using every day in the month). The maximum discount is capped at 5%. Bitfinex crypto and fiat withdrawals and deposits fee discount -- Holders of > 50m UNUS SED LEO tokens will receive up to a 25% crypto withdrawal and deposit fee discount. Holders of > 50m USDt worth of UNUS SED LEO tokens (on average) in the previous month (calculated using every day in the month) are able to withdraw 2m USD fiat per month without additional fees. Also, the additional fee will be reduced to 2% (instead of 3%) on any withdrawal above 2m USD fiat monthly. Unus Sed LEO is issued on EOS and ERC20 blockchains, with both versions easily converted on Bitfinex. Token contracts on both Ethereum and EOS can be found here: Ethereum | EOS. Trading is limited to KYC verified customers and certain jurisdictions. To verify, traders should head to bitfinex.com/verification
Monero was launched in April 2014. It was a fair, pre-announced launch of the CryptoNote reference code. There was no premine or instamine, and no portion of the block reward goes to development. See the original Bitcointalk thread here. The founder, thankful_for_today, proposed some controversial changes that the community disagreed with. A fallout ensued, and the Monero Core Team forked the project with the community following this new Core Team. This Core Team has provided oversight since. Monero has made several large improvements since launch. The blockchain was migrated to a different database structure to provide greater efficiency and flexibility, minimum ring signature sizes were set so that all transactions were private by mandate, and RingCT was implemented to hide the transaction amounts. Nearly all improvements have provided improvements to security or privacy, or they have facilitated use. Monero continues to develop with goals of privacy and security first, ease of use and efficiency second.
Ethereum Classic is a decentralized computing platform that executes smart contracts. Applications are ran exactly as programmed without the possibility of censorship, downtime, or third-party interference. Ethereum Classic is a distributed network consisting of a blockchain ledger, native cryptocurrency (ETC) and robust ecosystem of on-chain applications and services. Ethereum Classic provides a permissionless way to manage digital assets without the need for intermediaries, such as banks and other institutions. Ethereum Classic allows uncensorable smart contracts to be written, deployed and executed; ETC enables truly unstoppable programmable money. Ethereum Classic is the continuation of the unaltered history of the original Ethereum chain. The ETC network exists to preserve the principle of "Code is Law".
Neo is an open-source, community driven platform that is leveraging the intrinsic advantages of blockchain technology to realize the optimized digital world of the future. Neo has two native tokens, NEO (abbreviated symbol NEO) and GAS (abbreviated symbol GAS). NEO, with a total of 100 million tokens, represents the right to manage the network. Management rights include voting for bookkeeping, Neo network parameter changes, and so on. The minimum unit of NEO is 1 and tokens cannot be subdivided. GAS is the fuel token for the realization of Neo network resource control, with a maximum total limit of 100 million. The Neo network charges for the operation and storage of tokens and smart contracts, thereby creating economic incentives for consensus nodes and preventing the abuse of resources. The minimum unit of GAS is 0.00000001. In the genesis block of the Neo network, 100 million NEOs are generated, GAS has not yet been generated. 100 million GAS, corresponding to the 100 million NEO, will be generated through a decay algorithm in about 22 years time to address holding NEO. If NEO is transferred to a new address, the subsequent GAS generated will be credited to the new address. The Neo network will set a threshold by voting to exempt GAS from a certain amount of transfer transactions and smart contract operations to enhance the user experience. When a large amount of spam transactions occur, NeoID can be used to prioritize transactions and smart contracts with qualified identities. Transactions and smart contracts with no qualifying digital identities can get priority by paying GAS.
Dash is an open source cryptocurrency. It is an altcoin that was forked from the Bitcoin protocol. It is also a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) run by a subset of its users, which are called "masternodes". The currency permits transactions that can be untraceable. The currency was launched in January 2014 as "Xcoin" by Evan Duffield, as a fork of the Bitcoin protocol. It is an altcoin and in its early days it was subject to pump and dump speculation. It was rebranded as Darkcoin, which received press for being used in dark net markets. In March 2015, it rebranded again with the name Dash as a portmanteau of 'digital cash'. As of August 2016, Dash is no longer used in any major dark net markets worth noting. In early 2017 Duffield, who lived in the Phoenix area, and some other people working on Dash took space in a business incubator at Arizona State University. The Dash DAO later funded a blockchain research lab at ASU. As of April 2018, Dash's market capitalization was around $4.3 billion and it was one of the top 12 cryptocurrencies. As of February 2019, Dash was the most popular cryptocurrency in Venezuela according to Der Spiegel.
HedgeTrade is a blockchain-driven social trading platform where the world’s best traders share their knowledge. Traders post predictions into a smart contract-powered Blueprint that users can purchase or unlock in order to access. Traders are rewarded if the Blueprint is correct, otherwise the users purchase is refunded. HedgeTrade was designed for amateur traders looking to make the same trades as experts. Those expert traders are incentivized to post high-quality, accurate predictions, because if their prediction is correct, they earn proceeds from the users who purchased it. If the prediction is incorrect, the purchasers get a refund.
Strictly speaking, Cosmos is a decentralized network of independent parallel blockchains, each powered by BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint consensus. In other words, Cosmos is an ecosystem of blockchains that can scale and interoperate with each other. Before Cosmos, blockchains were siloed and unable to communicate with each other. They were hard to build and could only handle a small amount of transactions per second. Cosmos solves these problems with a new technical vision. In order to understand this vision we need to go back to the fundamentals of blockchain technology. To understand how Cosmos fits in the blockchain ecosystem, we need to go back to the beginning of the blockchain story. The first blockchain was Bitcoin, a peer-to-peer digital currency created in 2008 that used a novel consensus mechanism known as Proof-of-Work (PoW). It was the first decentralized application on a blockchain. Soon, people started to realize the potential of decentralized applications and the desire to build new ones emerged in the community. At the time, there were two options to develop decentralized applications: either fork the bitcoin codebase or build on top of it. However, the bitcoin codebase was very monolithic; all three layers—networking, consensus and application — were mixed together. Additionally, the Bitcoin scripting language was limited and not user-friendly. There was a need for better tools.
Anyone with a bank account is familiar with the concept of a ledger, containing records of their debits and credits. Collectively, we have all entrusted financial institutions for generations to safeguard these highly sensitive records and their accuracy. With no ability to verify the data that we receive on the Internet today, and with cybercrime on the rise, this delegated and unverifiable trust has become a major obstacle for an inclusive and permissionless economy. With the advent of distributed ledger technologies, we are now able to distribute and synchronize ledgers of data and money in secure, distributed, decentralized and permissionless environments. By removing the need for trusted third-parties as the gatekeepers and arbiters of truth, enormous efficiency gains, innovation opportunities and new value propositions emerge. Blockchain technology promised a compelling vision: decentralized networks allowing open innovation and peer-to-peer transactions without intermediaries or fees. Ultimately, they were never built to execute it in full, due to inherent technical flaws in their design. As blockchain adoption has increased over the last decade, early adopters have been hit with sluggish transaction times and skyrocketing fees. As financial rewards for validating blockchain transactions became increasingly competitive, their networks have also become increasingly centralised around a few powerful actors. But the need for decentralized and permissionless systems remains, and has only increased in recent years. By solving the inefficiencies of the Blockchain, IOTA, based on the revolutionary distributed ledger technology, the Tangle, is the missing link for the Internet of Everything and Web 3.0. Powering a secure, scalable and feeless transaction settlement layer, IOTA will empower machines and humans to participate in flourishing new permissionless economies - the most important one being the Machine Economy which we are building.
Awesome-MakerDAO (AMD) is a community-driven project, designed to be a resource people can use to familiarize themselves with Dai and MakerDAO. All are welcome to contribute. Those interested in MakerDAO are invited to explore AMD's collection of resources below. Get to know Maker with the help of beginner guides, official documentation, analysis pieces, tools, partnership announcements, AMAs, podcasts, and third-party apps, and more. Users are strongly encouraged to perform their own due diligence before trusting third-party services listed below. Despite MakerDAO's best efforts to provide a clean resource, given the nature of the cryptocurrency realm, scams do exist, and even great projects are frequently compromised. The Maker Foundation grants program offers bounties to community members who bring attention to compromised third-party apps and services.
Crypto.com is bringing cryptocurrency to the mainstream by making it easy for anyone to earn, trade, borrow, and pay in crypto. Crypto.com is best known for its MCO Visa card, which offers a hard-to-beat 5% cashback paid in cryptocurrency. Beyond that, the company offers an expansive line-up of crypto-oriented services. Crypto.com (formerly known as Monaco) has two tokens: MCO and Crypto.com Coin, or CRO. Both tokens rank highly on CoinMarketCap based on market capitalization. CRO is Crypto.com’s newest token. It is also based on the ERC-20 token standard. It is mainly intended as a means of payment and settlement on the company’s native blockchain. There are several benefits for staking CRO on the Crypto.com Exchange, such as reduced trading fees. Like MCO, it is issued on Ethereum’s ERC-20 token standard. As ERC-20 tokens, MCO and CRO can be held in any ERC-20 compatible wallet, including hardware wallets Trezor and Ledger, and interfaces like MetaMask and MyEtherWallet.
USDC provides a fully collateralized US dollar stablecoin, and is based on the open source asset-backed stablecoin framework developed by CENTRE. As crypto assets have grown in their importance and adoption, it’s become vital to be able to use fiat currencies for payments and trading. A price-stable currency such as the US dollar (and similar stable currencies such as EUR, GBP, JPY, RMB, etc.) is critical for enabling mainstream adoption of blockchain technology for payments, as well as to support maturation in financial contracts built on smart contract platforms, such as tokenized securities, loans, and property. Existing approaches have lacked financial and operational transparency, have operated in unregulated offshore jurisdictions with unknown banking and audit partners, and have been built as closed-loop ecosystems and closed source technologies. USDC solves these problems by offering a solution with detailed financial and operational transparency, operating within the regulated framework of US money transmission laws, with established banking partners and auditors, and is built on an open source framework with an open membership scheme that eligible financial institutions can participate in.
XEM is the native currency of the NEM public blockchain. It is used to pay for transactions on this public blockchain in order to incentivize its network of public nodes that process and record transactions for businesses and users there. This means that XEM has real fundamental value as the currency of a functioning economy. NEM is a Blockchain engine that enables businesses to easily apply Blockchain Technologies on their processes. Mijin, NEM’s permissioned ledger can ensure over 4,000 transactions per second and supports full interaction with NEM. NEM is a developer friendly platform that focuses on fast and secure development by offering a set of built-in features that do not require complex smart contracts nor a specific language. NEM is being further developed by the NEM Foundation, an organization that is formed by a fully committed team that focuses on expanding the technology and its use cases.
Zcash is a digital currency, or cryptocurrency, like Bitcoin. (In fact, Zcash was built on the original Bitcoin code base.) It was conceived by scientists at MIT, Johns Hopkins and other respected academic and scientific institutions. You can use Zcash to buy goods and services, or you can exchange it for another kind of money, including US dollars, Euros or another fiat currency. A major difference between most cryptocurrencies and traditional money is that every transaction is tracked and managed on a decentralized, public blockchain, instead of by a centralized institution, like a bank. This means you truly own your money. Most cryptocurrencies expose your full transaction history and holdings to everyone. With Zcash, you control what information you share. Shielded addresses and their associated balances are not visible on the blockchain. Payment disclosure and special "viewing keys" can be used to share transaction details with trusted third parties for compliance or audits.
Ontology is a next-gen network of public blockchains, and a distributed, trust-based collaboration platform with integrated support for ledger accounts and smart contracts. Apart from providing support for the services and applications running on its public chains, Ontology also supports the public chains of the applications that have been developed on it's framework, and collaboration with various protocol groups. On a more fundamental level, Ontology continues to provide a wide range of universal modules, such as the Distributed Identity Framework (DID), the distributed Distributed Data Exchange Framework (DDXF), and other such distributed trust collaboration packages and modules. This documentation center serves as a guide for developers that are just getting started with dApp development with Ontology, apart from providing information on the different components of the Ontology framework. It also serves as a location to explore and understand all the different resources available that can assist developers with their application development process.
According to Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry survey, the market size of the content industry such as Japanese movies, animation, TV programs, music, games etc. is said to be about 12 trillion yen. However, this is only for the domestic market. It is also said that the scale of the market spreading across the world is tens of times that. For example, more than 230,000 visitors from all over the Europe come to “Japan Expo”. A festival of Japanese culture is held every year in France and other countries as well. Japanese subculture, commonly referred to geek culture, has prevailed across the world with a spread of Internet, and has become competitive contents that Japanese government promoted as Cool Japan strategy. We will circulate MINDOL token on the Internet and establish market place of “eMINDOL” that provides functions of posting, voting, donation, settlement and copyright management. We will also develop a project of contents creation including animation, game and film productions. MINDOL token holders can use the contents that MINDOL has produced, of course, also can directly participate in contents creation for anime, manga and film, and invest in their favorite project, and support their favorite idol and participate in various events. In addition, they can make a settlement by the token in the real shops MINDOL cooperates with.
Dogecoin is a fun, new and rapidly growing form of digital currency. This form of digital currency is called "cryptocurrency"; a type of digital currency. Cryptocurrency is completely anonymous, decentralized, and extremely secure. Dogecoin is used with a wallet on your computer, your smartphone, or a website. You can use it to buy goods and services, or trade it for other currencies (both other cryptocurrencies or traditional currency like US dollars). One of the most popular uses for Dogecoin is "tipping" fellow internet-goers who create or share great content. Think of it as a more meaningful "like" or upvote, with real value that can be used all across the internet.
The VeChain project started in June 2015, focusing on building a trust-free and distributed business ecosystem to enable transparent information flow, efficient collaboration and high-speed value transfer. Specializing in blockchain and IoT technologies, VeChain has become one of the few blockchain platforms with real world business applications adopted by reputable enterprises across multiple sectors worldwide. By providing robust and secure blockchain infrastructure, enterprise solutions, turnkey packages and development tools in both software and hardware, VeChain aims to enable its business partners and developers to adopt blockchain solutions for business and create a powerful and sustainable ecosystem. VeChain currently operates out of seven offices located in Shanghai, Singapore, Paris, Luxembourg, Palo Alto, Tokyo and Hong Kong, with the international professional team of over 100 staff members including over 50 professional blockchain application developers. VeChain actively works with top-notch universities worldwide in its blockchain R&D capacity, such as Tsinghua University, Stanford University, MIT, Oxford Mathematical Institute, Dartmouth College, City University of Hong Kong and South China Normal University. Additionally, VeChain is one of the leading firms globally in terms of blockchain related patents.
Basic Attention Token radically improves the efficiency of digital advertising by creating a new token that can be exchanged between publishers, advertisers, and users. It all happens on the Ethereum blockchain. The token can be used to obtain a variety of advertising and attention-based services on the BAT platform. The utility of the token is based on user attention, which simply means a person’s focused mental engagement. Attention is measured as users view ads and content in the browser’s active tab in real time. The Attention Value for the ad will be calculated based on incremental duration and pixels in view in proportion to relevant content, prior to any direct engagement with the ad. We will define further anonymous cost-per-action models as the system develops. Ads are then anonymously matched with customer interests using local machine learning algorithms. This means fewer irrelevant ads. Brave will work with publishers and advertisers to establish best practices for judging user attention. One potential metric: the number of total views of advertising content for a certain number of seconds. Or, points assigned on the length of a view. Who Gets What? Users viewing ads will be rewarded with BATs. BATs can be used for premium content or services on the BAT platform. Publishers will, as part of this service, receive the lion’s share of the total ad revenue. We anticipate that users will also donate back some tokens to publishers, further increasing their revenue.
Insight Chain uses its proprietary VDPoS (Validated DPoS) consensus algorithm, which combines DPoS, BFT, and validation nodes. Insight Chain also combines multi-main chains with multi-child chains to increase block production speeds, vertical/horizontal scalability, and store DApp business data on the public blockchain.
Huobi, headquartered in Singapore, is the cryptocurrency conglomerate that operates Huobi US, Huobi Japan, and Huobi Korea as well as Huobi Global, the world's 24th-largest cryptocurrency trading platform by trading volume as of early December 2019, according to CryptoCompare, an online data aggregator and reporting service. Huobi US is set to cease operating on December 15, 2019. Huobi was one of the three early Chinese exchanges that at one time together accounted for 90 percent or more of global bitcoin volume. As the legal conditions for trading bitcoin in China became less amenable, Huobi launched a new brand called "Huobi Pro" from its new headquarters in Singapore. On May 21, 2018, Huobi Pro was rolled out to the European and Asian markets. In July 2018 Huobi announced that it would accept customers from the U.S. on its "strategic partner" platform owned by a subsidiary, HBUS. Almost a year-and-a-half later, at the beginning of December 2019, Huobi US reported trivial trading volume, less than $1,000 worth of cryptocurrency in the 24-period before 10 a.m. CST. On December 8, 2019, Huobi announced that it was ceasing U.S. operations as of the following Sunday, December 15. At the time of the announcement, it offered a handful of cryptocurrency pairs against U.S. dollar Tether. In a statement on its website, HBUS said it had "to cease operations so that it can return in a more integrated and impactful fashion as part of its ongoing strategic layout." Huobi branded all of its trading platforms, except those in the U.S., Japan, and Korea, as "Huobi Global" and said that it offered services to customers in 130 countries by December 2018. On September 5, 2019, a massive transaction moved 94,505 bitcoin into an unknown user's wallet. Analysts said that many previous transactions came from users on Huobi's exchange.
TrueUSD is a stablecoin that can be minted and redeemed 1-for-1 for US Dollars. TrueUSD is fully collateralized, legally protected, and transparently verified by third-party attestations. TrueUSD is the first asset token built by the TrustToken team, and is available on Ethereum (TUSD on ERC-20) and Binance Chain (TUSDB on BEP-2). TrueUSD can be minted and redeemed through the TrustToken website and on over 70 exchanges. Once you have set up an account and completed identity verification, you can mint and redeem TrueUSD using the following steps. 1. Add your ERC-20 or BEP-2 wallet address that will receive TrueUSD. 2. Wire funds from your bank account to our banking partner, following the wiring instructions provided in our app. TrueUSD will be sent to your wallet address once funds are received.
Paxos Standard (PAX) was built so that money can move fast. PAX is a digital dollar. Like other crypto assets, it can move instantaneously, anywhere in the world, any time of any day, and it’s programmable. Unlike other crypto assets, PAX is stable. It is backed 1:1 for the dollar and it’s issued by the Paxos Trust Company, so the funds are carefully protected, audited and regulated. It’s a piece of our future vision for a frictionless, global economy, where all assets can move anywhere instantaneously, 24/7. The crypto-asset space is early in maturation, and initial use cases for PAX will be distinct from future use cases. Today, Paxos Standard can be used to limit exposure to crypto-asset volatility, to remove cross-border transaction fees and to move between crypto-assets with ease or as payment for other blockchain-based assets. In the future, Paxos Standard can be used for consumer payments, offering a stable store of value for those outside the United States that face currencies with unpredictable volatility.
Qtum is an open sourced public blockchain platform, leveraging the security of UTXO while enabling multiple virtual machines including EVM and the revolutionary x86 VM. Qtum is PoS based and boasts a Decentralized Governance Protocol (DGP) allowing specific blockchain settings to be modified by making use of smart contracts. For instance, the block size of Qtum can be increased without the need of a hard fork. Qtum Coin combines functions of ETH and BTC. It is an UTXO-based smart contract system that utilizes a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus model. Qtum presents great possibilities considering its combination of Bitcoin’s security and ETH’s smart contract functionality. Qtum focuses on providing an ecosystem that helps small to large companies create smart contracts. This makes it a toolkit designed to be both robust and modular. Users can produce their own tokens, participate in agreements that are self-executing as well as automatic supply. Not only that, but it will all function in an entirely standardized environment.
Decred (/ˈdi:ˈkred/, /dɪˈkred/, dee-cred) is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency with a strong focus on community input, open governance, and sustainable funding for development. It utilizes a hybrid Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Proof-of-Stake (PoS) mining system to ensure that a small group cannot dominate the flow of transactions or make changes to Decred without the input of the community. A unit of the currency is called a decred (DCR). Stakeholders make and enforce the blockchain’s consensus rules, set a course for future development, and decide how the project’s treasury is used to fund it. Decred’s blockchain is similar to Bitcoin’s, but with major aspects of governance baked into the protocol. To align incentives, block rewards are split between Proof-of-Work (PoW) miners, stakeholders and the Decred Treasury, which funds the project. Proof of Work miners play a similar role for Decred as they do for Bitcoin, but with Decred they only receive 60% of the block reward. Proof of Stake voting is central to Decred’s governance. Decred holders can time-lock (or “stake”) DCR to obtain voting tickets. Tickets are randomly called to vote on-chain; this involves both approving the work of PoW miners and voting Yes/No on any open rule change proposals. 30% of the block reward goes to the holders of the tickets that voted in that block. The remaining 10% of the block reward goes into the Decred Treasury. Holders of live tickets decide how that treasury is used through Politeia proposals and voting. The Decred Constitution sets out some guiding principles for the project; the constitution is subject to amendment through Politeia proposals.
BTG is a cryptocurrency with Bitcoin fundamentals, mined on common GPUs instead of specialty ASICs. ASICs tend to monopolize mining to a few big players, but GPU mining means anyone can mine again - restoring decentralization and independence. GPU mining rewards go to individuals worldwide, instead of mostly to ASIC warehouse owners, recreating network effects that Bitcoin used to have. BTG enhances and extends the crypto space with a blockchain closely compatible with Bitcoin (with SegWit and Lightning Network) but without using resources like Bitcoin hashpower or vying for the "real Bitcoin" title. We're creating a welcoming space for new devs and new technologies building on a bitcoin base. As a Friendly Fork, we offer a coin as easy and familiar to implement as Bitcoin, but with plenty of space for new ideas. That's why we have a thriving economy and ecosystem. Bitcoin Gold is extended by Lighting Network, which scales to route nearly limitless payments per second. This is an example of a "second layer" solution living atop the main blockchain. Second layers and side chains enable technologies like smart contracts which can run at blazing speeds, secured by the underlying BTG mainchain.
ICON is a decentralized network of blockchain communities. ICON’s blockchain technology is being applied in the real world such as banks, securities firms, hospitals, and universities. Come see the crypto-world and the real-world connect with ICON. ICON is scalable not only to public blockchains(e.g. bitcoin, ethereum) but also private/permissioned, and other interchain blockchain networks. ICON will be in the center of connecting different blockchains to build a more valuable and scalable network. A transparent governance system and artificial intelligence (AI) guided incentive system is at the core of ICON’s sustainable network. Through the mutual trust earned with our system, C-Reps and Nodes will actively contribute to the ICON community.
Lisk is a blockchain application platform, founded by Max Kordek and Oliver Beddows in early 2016. Based on its own blockchain network and utility token, LSK, it will enable developers to build blockchain applications and create an ecosystem of blockchain applications for mainstream users to benefit from. Before blockchain can achieve its full potential, it needs to gain mass adoption. Lisk is determined to solve this problem by becoming a safe and secure gateway to this technology for developers and enthusiasts alike. We envision a world in which everyone benefits from blockchain. Given this, the Lisk Foundation set itself the goal to inspire blockchain enthusiasts and developers alike. The ultimate goal is to bring talent into the blockchain industry by enabling you to participate in building the decentralized future with our products, whether you are a technical person or not.
0x is a protocol that facilitates the peer-to-peer exchange of Ethereum-based assets. The protocol serves as an open standard and common building block for any developer needing exchange functionality. 0x provides secure smart contracts that are externally audited; developer tools tailored to the 0x ecosystem; and open access to a pool of shared liquidity. Developers can integrate with 0x at the smart contract or application layer. 0x uses a digital signature to allow order makers to cryptographically commit to the 0x order they author. This allows the maker to rest assured that they cannot be tricked into filling any order except the ones they've authored. In turn, the potential counter-parties can verify that the maker did indeed author their 0x order(s). For a 0x order to be considered valid and fillable, it must have all the stipulated fields mentioned above and include a digital signature from the maker attesting to all the chosen field values. At this point, the 0x order is ready to be shared with potential counter-parties.
Kyber is an on-chain liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application. Kyber Network is connecting the fragmented tokenized world by enabling instant and seamless transactions between platforms, ecosystems and other use cases. Kyber is a on-chain liquidity protocol that anyone can tap into for a wide variety of inter-token use cases. For example, vendors are able to accept payments in multiple tokens on their e-commerce platforms yet receiving in their preferred token. In addition, dApps can allow users who are not their token holders to utilize their platform and services with other tokens, and decentralized financial projects have the means to rebalance their portfolio instantly. Liquidity is in turn facilitated through an open reserve architecture that allows anyone to contribute their idle token assets to our decentralized central liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every transaction. These tokens become available for use across any platform that taps into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
WAVES is a decentralized blockchain platform focusing on custom blockchain tokens operations. National currencies transfer is maintained on the WAVES blockchain through compliant gateway operators. Decentralized token exchange facilitates fundraising, crowdfunding, and trading of financial instruments on the blockchain. Lightweight clients provide an easy installation procedure and a flat learning curve for end users. Waves is an open source blockchain platform. You can use it to build your own decentralised applications. Waves provides full blockchain ecosystem including smart contracts language called RIDE. Waves node is a host connected to the blockchain network with the next functions: Processing and validation of transactions, Generation and storage of blocks, Network communication with other nodes.
Augur is a decentralized oracle and peer to peer protocol for prediction markets. Augur is free, public, open source software, portions of which are licensed under the General Public License (GPL) and portions of which are licensed under the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) license. Augur is a set of smart contracts written in Solidity that can be deployed to the Ethereum blockchain. Augur is a protocol, freely available for anyone to use however they please. Augur is accessible through a desktop client app, similar to interacting with an Ethereum or Bitcoin node. Users of the Augur protocol must themselves ensure that the actions they are performing are compliant with the laws in all applicable jurisdictions and must acknowledge that others’ use of the Augur protocol may not be compliant. Users of the Augur protocol do so at their own risk. Augur is a set of smart contracts that can be deployed to the Ethereum blockchain. Any user who downloads and runs the Augur software has access to the Augur protocol on the Ethereum blockchain. There is currently no platform or deployment of Augur built or catered for specific users, locales or countries, and the Forecast Foundation does not host any deployment of Augur or the client used to interface with the Augur protocol. The Forecast Foundation has no control over what people choose to do with the Augur protocol.
KuCoin Shares was founded back in September 2017. Its source code was released publicly on github on January 2019 under the MIT License license. Organization wise, KuCoin Sharess Development is Centralized and is being developed under the lead of Michael Gan. The consensus on which the KuCoin Shares network is run is called Not mineable, while the underlying algorithm is called None. In the current state of KuCoin Shares currently is Working product. Kucoin Cryptocurrency Exchange will buy back 100 million of the 200 million total tokens issued and burned them.
Throughout human history, people have been making transactions. Currency has evolved over the years in the form of shells, beads, jewellery, coins, and most recently, fiat money. Fiat money is what most people nowadays are used to. It offers significant benefits over its predecessor in terms of being relatively easy to transport and easily measurable. However, fiat money is not without its limitations — it can be subject to volatile inflation, particularly under the control of unstable governments; it can be inconvenient to use when traveling between countries; it can be counterfeited and it can be stolen relatively easily. Cryptocurrency solves these problems: it is based on a decentralized blockchain which keeps inflation under control by design; it can be easily accessed from any location; each transaction is verified by multiple computers around the world; and each wallet is guarded by a highly secure private key. By addressing head on the flaws of fiat money, cryptocurrency is emerging as the next phase in the evolution of money. Here is a simplified explanation of how a cryptocurrency transaction works. For example, Maria in Venezuela wants to purchase a cell phone case from Carlos in Colombia. Maria purchases some Bitcoin Diamond (BCD) from an exchange and transfers it to her digital wallet. From her wallet, she sends a BCD payment to Carlos’ wallet address. The transaction is verified by multiple computers around the world (known as miners) with a cryptographic signature. Once the transaction is confirmed, it is added as a new block to the BCD blockchain. With BCD, each transaction and wallet balance is kept fully anonymous. Almost instantly, the funds will appear in Carlos’ digital wallet and he delivers the cell phone case to Maria. Bitcoin Diamond uses blockchain and cryptocurrency technology to provide the world’s unbanked and underserved people with a currency they can access, trust, and use. We believe in a world where everyone has equal opportunity to build wealth. Yet there are 1.7 billion people who are repressed from owning a bank account. As a fast, secure digital currency, Bitcoin Diamond aims to free the trapped capital, intellect, and creativity of the world’s emerging population. With Bitcoin Diamond, you have access to a currency that is convenient and secure to use no matter where you live.
OmiseGO is building a decentralized exchange, liquidity provider mechanism, clearinghouse messaging network, and asset-backed blockchain gateway. OmiseGO is not owned by any single one party. Instead, it is an open distributed network of validators which enforce behavior of all participants. It uses the mechanism of a protocol token to create a proof-of-stake blockchain to enable enforcement of market activity amongst participants. This high-performant distributed network enforces exchange across asset classes, from . at-backed issuers to fully decentralized blockchain tokens (ERC-20 style and native cryptocurrencies). Unlike nearly all other decentralized exchange platforms, this allows for the decentralized exchange of other blockchains and between multiple blockchains directly without a trusted gateway token. Markets may be able to signi. cantly reduce spreads and encourage market assurance via decentralizing custody and increased transparency of market activity. This is achieved using smart contracts, protocol tokens enforcing correct market behavior of order book matching, a new construction of Ethereum bonded external enforcement of clearinghouse activity and commitments to historical exchange data for use with Ethereum smart contracts..
ABBC is a technology optimized for distribution, finance, shopping, security, using blockchain technology. We provide a blockchain platform that ensures seamless cryptocurrency transactions for everyone. Also, through our own digital wallet service, users can conduct transactions at their own convenience without having fear of mishandled data, stolen assets, or hacked accounts. TECHNOLOGY Aladdin Wallet is a multi-platform and multi-crypto digital asset wallet that will revolutionize crypto transactions through its built-in chat messaging function, top-level security, and extensive support for cryptocurrencies. ABBC Coin users will benefit from this wallet by offering seamless peer-to-peer crypto transfers Buyaladdin is a one-stop e-commerce application that will provide customers a convenient, secure, and efficient global marketplace using their cryptocurrency assets. ABBC Coin users can experience a ‘whole new world’ of online shopping with access to more than 50 major retailers and a wide range of cheap yet authentic merchandise. Bitstorm is a Dubai-based cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows users to deposit, store, trade, and withdraw cryptocurrencies. ABBC Coin users can take advantage of lesser transaction fees, high throughput performance, and a significant amount of volume within various trading pairs.
Ravencoin is a digital peer to peer network that aims to implement a use case specific blockchain, designed to efficiently handle one specific function: the transfer of assets from one party to another. Built on a fork of the Bitcoin code, Ravencoin was launched January 3rd, 2018, and is a truly open source project (no ICO or masternodes). It focuses on building a useful technology, with a strong and growing community. Launched on January 3rd, 2018, the ninth anniversary of bitcoin’s launch, Ravencoin is an open-source project designed to enable instant payments to anyone around the world. The aim of the project is to create a blockchain optimized specifically for the transfer of assets such as tokens from one holder to another. This algorithm is intended to address the centralization of mining caused by ASIC hardware. In the X16R algorithm paper, the team behind the currency explains that the fixed order of ordinary hashing algorithms lends itself to the construction of ASIC miners. However, the X16R algorithm aims to overcome this problem by constantly disrupting the ordering of the hashing algorithms – it uses the same algorithms used in X15 and SHA512, but the ordering of those algorithms is changed based on the hash of the previous block.
Monacoin, conceived in the December of 2013, is the first alternative cryptocurrency developed in Japan. It is based on the popular ASCII art character, Mona. Monacoin is not a payment system controlled by one single entity, but a fully distributed payment system preserved by everyone who uses it via client applications running on their computers. While much of the world treats most cryptocurrencies as speculative ventures, Monacoin is a cryptocurrency popularized by the initiative of its community: it continues to be nurtured and built upon not by a core development team but by its enthusiastic user base. To give some examples, Monacoin users have brought up various kinds of Mona-based web applications and services, have erected shrines in appreciation of Monacoin, regularly play word games when tipping others (known as "monage" (モナゲ, lit. "throwing mona")), and otherwise use the coin in ways users of most other coins would never have thought of.
Synthetix is a protocol for issuing and trading synthetic assets on Ethereum. Each synthetic asset (or Synth) is an ERC20 token which tracks the price of an external asset; for example each sUSD token tracks the price of the US dollar (and unlike the other synthetic assets, is fixed at 1). A wide variety of Synths exists within Synthetix, including fiat currencies, cryptocurrencies, commodities, and inverse indexes. In principle the system can support any asset with a clear price, and provides on-chain exposure to an unlimited range of real-world assets. Synthetix is otherwise composed of a smart contract infrastructure and a set of incentives which maintains Synth prices. It is underpinned by the value of the Synthetix Network Token (SNX). SNX acts as collateral; staking a proportional value of SNX is required to mint Synths. Stakers are rewarded for supporting the system with a pro-rata share of the fees generated by activity in the system. The value of SNX is thus directly connected with the usage of the network it collateralises. This mechanism allows Synthetix to support instantaneous, near-frictionless conversion between different flavours of Synths without the liquidity and slippage issues experienced by other decentralised exchanges. The resulting network of tokens supports an extensive set of use cases including trading, loans, payments, remittance, eCommerce and many more. A more descriptive overview of the system is available in the Synthetix Litepaper, and the explainers on Synthetix.Exchange and Mintr. There is also a community-run page full of helpful resources, and a snapshot of the current system status is always live at dashboard.synthetix.io.
Nano is decentralized, sustainable, and secure digital money focused on addressing the inefficiencies present in existing financial systems. Uniquely designed to provide simple peer-to-peer transfer of value, Nano empowers individuals with the most efficient and accessible digital money possible, connecting them to the global economy with minimal impact. Nano provides an intuitive experience that feels like digital currency should - no fuss, no fees, no waiting. This is what an accessible and easy-to-use digital money experience should feel like. Easy-to-use and Feeless Nano is simple and easy-to-use by design. By focusing on transferring value as efficiently as possible, the Nano network is able to offer feeless transactions and provides options for users and services to easily access the empowering and cost-saving qualities of digital money. Eco-friendly As the world continues efforts to reduce pollution and energy consumption, many digital money networks have resorted to wasteful designs to secure their networks. Nano is smartly designed to address this issue by not relying on power-hungry mining for security, but instead uses a lightweight and efficient consensus protocol called Open Representative Voting (ORV) for minimal energy usage. Instant Digital money should be quick and easy-to-use. Whether buying goods at a store, transferring money across borders or making payments online, Nano transactions are completed in under a second so you no longer have to wait. And these are fully settled payments on the network, businesses no longer have to wait for credit card or banking network approval.
OKB, the global utility token issued by OK Blockchain Foundation, is one of the fundamental infrastructures of OKEx trading platform. All OKB holders can enjoy exclusive functions on OKEx platform with a wide range of ecosystem use cases available. We hope to achieve a win-win situation in the global blockchain era and jointly promote the healthy development of the blockchain and digital asset sector through OKB. OKB is a deflationary token with the total supply of 300 million OKB, and a certain amount of OKB will be repurchased by the platform from the secondary market quarterly. OKB is currently issued based on the ETH network. The smart contract address is: https://etherscan.io/token/0x75231f58b43240c9718dd58b4967c5114342a86c. The address will migrate to OKChain (the public chain launched by OKEx) in the future.
NEXO (NEXO) is a compliant token that is backed by the underlying assets of Nexo’s loan portfolio. NEXO reportedly provides regular passive income to token holders in the form of 30% from the company’s profits. The latest dividend payout to NEXO Token Holders on August 15, 2019 was reportedly for $2,409,574.87. The token also offers discounted interest rates (-50%) on Nexo’s Instant Loans. The NEXO Token can also be used as collateral on the platform (https://nexo.io) in addition to BTC, ETH, XRP, LTC, NEXO, BNB and several major stablecoins.
Dai is decentralized and backed by collateral. The Maker Protocol, which allows anyone anywhere in the world to generate Dai, aims to facilitate greater security, transparency, and trust. The Dai stablecoin is a decentralized, unbiased, collateral-backed cryptocurrency soft-pegged to the US Dollar. Dai is held in cryptocurrency wallets or within platforms, and is supported on Ethereum and other popular blockchains. Dai is easy to generate, access, and use. Users generate Dai by depositing collateral assets into Maker Vaults within the Maker Protocol. This is how Dai is entered into circulation and how users gain access to liquidity. Others obtain Dai by buying it from brokers or exchanges, or simply by receiving it as a means of payment. Once generated, bought, or received, Dai can be used in the same manner as any other cryptocurrency: it can be sent to others, used as payments for goods and services, and even held as savings through a feature of the Maker Protocol called the Dai Savings Rate (DSR). Every Dai in circulation is directly backed by excess collateral, meaning that the value of the collateral is higher than the value of the Dai debt, and all Dai transactions are publicly viewable on the Ethereum blockchain.
Sia is reinventing cloud storage. Our technology connects users who need file storage with hosts worldwide offering underutilized hard drive capacity. Blockchain technology secures their data and enables improved economics for users and hosts. The Sia blockchain allows this marketplace to run without an intermediary. Sia secures storage transactions with smart contracts, creating a more reliable and affordable offering when compared to traditional cloud providers. No one person or organization can censor or deny access to data—not miners, not developers, nor any government. We believe Sia’s distributed, decentralized storage technology is stronger, more secure, more efficient, and more equitable for the entire ecosystem. We believe that neither individuals nor institutions should be beholden to large corporations. Sia was created to promote and safeguard users’ freedoms. It’s our attempt to bring decentralized storage built on blockchain technology to the mainstream without sacrificing price or performance. Our long term goal is for Sia to become the backbone storage layer of the Internet. Nebulous, Inc. was established in 2014 and launched the Sia Storage Platform in 2015. Based in Boston, Nebulous is funded by Raptor Group, First Star Ventures, Fenbushi Capital and INBlockchain.
Bytom Blockchain Protocol (abbreviated simply as Bytom) is an interactive protocol of multiple byte assets. Heterogeneous byte-assets (indigenous digital currency, digital assets) that operate in different forms on the Bytom Blockchain and atomic assets (warrants, securities, dividends, bonds, intelligence information, forecasting information and so forth that exist in the physical world) can be registered, exchanged, gambled and engaged in other more complicated and contract-based interoperations via Bytom. Bytom endeavors to bridge the atomic world and the byte world, promoting the interaction of assets between the two worlds, with the mission of creating diverse assets and a programmable economy.
Steem bills itself as 'a social blockchain that grows communities and makes revenue streams possible for users by rewarding them for sharing content'. It also powers real applications via social apps like Steemit. Steem started out as the cryptocurrency on the Steemit platform that rewards users for community building through the upvoting and the posting of meaningful content. Founded in 2016 by Ned Scott and BitShares creator Dan Larimer, the Steemit platform, built atop the Steem blockchain, is a social media network that seeks to be a source of community-driven curated content such as news, Q&A and job boards. The more value a particular piece of content is able to deliver across a greater number of people, the greater the reward received by the creator. Steemit users can cast votes to create a hierarchy of content. The higher the upvote count received on a content piece, the more Steem is earned by its publisher. Steemit’s meritocratic system also enables users that hold more currency to cast more meaningful, greater influence votes.
Founded in Singapore in Dec 2014, DigixDAO (DGD) is building a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) that specializes in the tokenization of physical assets. The project provides the infrastructure to create tokens backed by physical assets on the blockchain. To wit, it allows for the public verification of an asset’s existence through its chain of custody via its Proof of Provenance (PoP) protocol, which makes use of the Ethereum network and the Interplanetary File System (IPFS). Digix also offers an API that enables other applications to be built on top of its asset tokenization service. Digix has 2 cryptocurrencies, Digix Gold (DGX) and DigixDAO (DGD). The company reportedly procures its gold from LBMA-approved refiners. For security, Digix includes third-party auditing from Bureau Veritas. The DGD crowdsale in Mar 2016 was the first crowdsale and major DAO hosted on the Ethereum network.
THETA (THETA) is an open source protocol that powers a decentralized streaming network. It will allow for decentralized apps (DApps) to be built on top of the platform to enable use cases that span esports, entertainment, and peer-to-peer streaming. SLIVER.tv’s DApp was the first application built on the Theta network leveraging its existing user base of millions of esports viewers. In Nov 2018, Tencent Games announced a collaboration with SLIVER.tv to bring Theta rewards to Ring of Elysium players. The founding team has a combined 30+ years of experience in the video streaming space with advisors including Steve Chen, Co-Founder of YouTube, and Justin Kan, Co-Founder of Twitch.
Algorand removes the technical barriers that for years undermined mainstream blockchain adoption: decentralization, scale, and security. Now you can build on a stable platform you trust. Our consensus mechanism is permissionless and PURE PROOF OF STAKE™. It ensures full participation, protection, and speed within a truly decentralized network. With blocks finalized in seconds, Algorand’s transaction throughput is on par with large payment and financial networks. And Algorand is the first blockchain to provide immediate transaction finality. No forking. No uncertainty. The Algorand blockchain is entirely decentralized, which means there is no powerful central authority or single point of control. A unique committee of users is randomly and secretly selected to approve every block. Nodes are run by entities representing diverse backgrounds across many different countries. Users do not need the approval of a trusted authority to use the Algorand blockchain. There is a single class of users and no gatekeepers. Every participant can read every block and have the opportunity to write a transaction in a future block. The Algorand platform requires minimal processing power and modest IT resources to join. All online users who possess algos are automatically eligible to participate in block consensus.
DxChain is the world’s first decentralized big data and machine learning network powered by a computing-centric blockchain. In other words, DxChain is a public chain, aims to design a platform to solve computation of big data in a decentralized environment. For simplicity, we could use DxChain to store and trade big data, so as to make data more valuable with the computation. Nowadays, only large corporates have the capability to run big data tasks and monopolize the data-related services. For individuals and small organizations, it is costly to get data storage services and difficult to acquire data sources. Even worse, the privacy and data security risks are taken by everyone, no matter if you are able to get any rational reward from data services. There are some blockchain-based platforms designed to provide supercomputer services, however there are no existing solutions in the market to provide decentralized parallel computing environment that supports big data and machine learning. Therefore, DxChain will be the real game changer in the market. Blockchain, one of the most ingenious technological inventions in recent years, has many important and innovative characteristics, such as decentralization and immutability. Unfortunately, today’s popular consensus-based protocol still uses huge amount of computational power to maintain the blockchain itself, and cannot provide useful work for the community. Nowadays, people can use Bitcoin and Ethereum to buy something and use hyperledger fabric to trace the flow of a product. However, there are few real applications of blockchain besides financial transactions and tracking assets in a supply chain. That is to say, blockchain did not fundamentally change the way people are using internet. DxChain designs a platform to solve computation of big data in a decentralized environment. Consequently, people can use DxChain as a data market to trade data, and create applications on DxChain to meet various needs, including business operation and businesses intelligence. Therefore, by applying blockchain to data storage and computation, DxChain will change the fundamental meaning of the internet.
Crypto.com was founded in 2016 on a simple belief: it’s a basic human right for everyone to control their money, data and identity. With over 1 million users on its platform today, Crypto.com provides a powerful alternative to traditional financial services, turning its vision of ”cryptocurrency in every wallet” into reality, one customer at a time. Crypto.com is built on a solid foundation of security, privacy and compliance and is the first cryptocurrency company in the world to have CCSS Level 3, ISO27001:2013 and PCI:DSS 3.2.1, Level 1 compliance. Crypto.com is headquartered in Hong Kong with a 170+ strong team. MCO Token Sale began on May 18, 2017 and ended on June 18, 2017. MCO Token cost on day one of the Token Sale was equivalent to USD 0.60 and the MCO Token price as of May 19th, 2019 was $5.10 USD. MCO Token is now listed on 29 exchanges, including Binance, Bittrex, Bithumb, Huobi, OKex, Upbit, HitBTC, Bit-Z, EXX, Gate.io, BigONE, Livecoin, Yobit, and Cobinhood. Total trading volume of Crypto.com since July 2017 has been $10.1 billion USD.
Since its founding in 2009, Enjin has been deeply involved with the gaming industry. The same year, the company launched a gaming community platform called the Enjin Network and has, according to the team, grown it to more than 20 million users over the course of a decade. In 2017 following an ICO that raised $18.9 million, Enjin established itself as a blockchain ecosystem developer, building a suite of user-first blockchain products that enable anyone to easily manage, explore, distribute, and integrate blockchain assets. Built on top of an on-chain infrastructure and comprised of the Enjin Platform, Marketplace, Wallet, Beam, and other tools and services, the Enjin ecosystem aims to enable game industry businesses to increase revenue, gain a competitive edge, and innovate. Forged in gaming, Enjin’s tools and services can also be used by companies of all sizes and industries seeking to create blockchain products or utilize tokenized digital assets as part of their acquisition, retention, engagement, and monetization strategies. The Enjin ecosystem is fueled by Enjin Coin (ENJ), an Ethereum-based cryptocurrency used to directly back the value of blockchain assets.
DigiByte is an open-source blockchain, created in 2013 and released in early 2014 by DigiByte founder Jared Tate. Its network is based on three layers: smart contracts, decentralized applications (DApps) and customizable tokens. The middle layer, the public ledger, is where DigiByte digital assets exist in the network, while the third and bottom later hosts the decentralized nodes, the client software and their communication. A unique factor of DigiByte is its five mining algorithms — Sha256, Scrypt, Skein, Qubit and Odocrypt — whose advanced difficulty adjustment aims to keep the blockchain secure and protect it from malicious attacks. DigiByte has its own block explorer, DigiExplorer. DigiByte was the first major altcoin to activate Segwit in April 2017. In May 2019, DigiByte launched DigiAssets, which is a scalable second-layer solution on top of the DigiByte blockchain that offers the decentralized issuance of assets, smart contracts, digital identity and other features. DigiByte is only created through mining, as no tokens were created at its launch. It has a limit of 21 billion coins, which will all be mined by 2035. You can mine DigiByte solo or in a pool, using one of its five mining algorithms. DigiByte can be used as a payment method, like a fiat currency, or a store of value. DigiByte coins are also similar to gas in Ethereum in that they run the DigiAsset smart contract network. DigiByte can be stored on an exchange, or in a DigiByte wallet. For the latest list of exchanges and trading pairs for this cryptocurrency, click on our market pairs tab.
BitTorrent aims to tokenize the decentralized file-sharing protocol with their cryptocurrency asset launched early in 2019. BTT represents a TRC-10 utility token based on the TRON blockchain that could allow content creators to connect with their audience, earn and spend digital currency without a middleman. According to their website, BitTorrent (BTT) tokens can be bid in exchange for faster downloads or stored in a wallet built into the BitTorrent client. Both BitTorrent and parent company TRON share a vision of a decentralized internet without barriers. According to the team, the BitTorrent Protocol is the largest decentralized protocol in the world with over 1 billion users. The Protocol was developed and since maintained by BitTorrent Company. Among the various forms of implementations, BitTorrent and μTorrent remain the most popular. On July 24, 2018, TRON completed the acquisition of the P2P downloading network BitTorrent and all its products. After the acquisition, BitTorrent/uTorrent has successively launched a number of decentralized products, including BitTorrent Speed, BitTorrent File System (BTFS), TronTV, and the newly-joined blockchain live-streaming platform DLive. The team aims to gradually form a strong-related product matrix and provide the best service for users of the BitTorrent community.
v.systems (also known as VSYS) is a blockchain database cloud project that aims to create a secure underlying infrastructure platform for blockchain database. The project will deliver decentralized cloud database technology to carry out complex decentralized applications and support the operation of trillions of blockchains effectively, with high scalability, durability and performance. v.systems is a blockchain infrastructure provider with a focus on database and cloud services. Led by Chief Architect Sunny King, the v.systems blockchain aims to create a secure underlying infrastructure platform for blockchain database through his new innovation - Supernode Proof of Stake (SPoS) consensus algorithm. The v.systems blockchain platform can deliver decentralized cloud database technology with high scalability, finality, durability and performance that is practically resistant to 51% attack. The network can also support efficient and agile development of a vast variety of applications including finance (DeFi), entertainment, social media and many more. The v.systems mainnet and supernodes went live in November last year, and VSYS Coin has been listed on more than top 10 exchanges including Bitfinex, ZB, Huobi since the beginning of 2019. The mainnet currently has 15 supernodes operated by exchanges, wallets and staking communities. More than tens of thousand of VSYS Coin holders have been onboarded to take up the role as minters through coin leasing, contributing to a total staking value of approximately US $345 million and is growing.
Horizen’s massively scalable platform enables businesses and developers to quickly and affordably create their own public or private blockchains on the largest node network in the industry. Horizen’s Sidechain SDK provides all necessary components for easy and fast deployment of a fully customizable blockchain. Horizen’s mission is to empower people and bring the world together by building a fair and inclusive ecosystem where everyone is rewarded for their contributions. Horizen’s sidechain and scaling solution, according to the team, is the first completely decentralized and fully customizable sidechain protocol on the market. The Horizen sidechain platform was created to enable businesses and developers to affordably and quickly create real-world blockchain applications on Horizen’s fully distributed, secure, and privacy-preserving architecture. Launched in May 2017, the platform enables real-life uses beyond its native cryptocurrency, ZEN, which is a mineable PoW coin available on major crypto exchanges. Users can securely store and transact ZEN using Horizen's flagship app, Sphere by Horizen, a multifunctional wallet that interfaces with Horizen products and services. Horizen has a worldwide community, a team of over 50 professionals, and a roadmap driven by continuous investments in research and development.
HCASH is a decentralized and open-source cross-platform cryptocurrency. Designed to facilitate the exchange of information between blockchains and non-blockchain networks. A highly secure network, featuring quantum resistant signature technology. HyperCash (HC), formerly known as Hcash, was designed to facilitate value transfers across different blockchains. It supports zero-hash proofs, DAO governance, and quantum resistance. HyperCash offers two types of wallets: white and black. White addresses are publicly viewable, while black addresses will remain private. The use of zero-knowledge proofs masks the identity of the sender and receiver while verifying transactions. Hcash uses a hybrid blockchain/DAG network and a hybrid PoW/PoS consensus model for governance. The HCASH network has two chains running laterally, with each serving different functions within the ecosystem. These two chains serve to provide us with an interlinked, bifocal dual-token, dual-chain ecosystem that will help us solve interconnection, privacy and security issues prevalent in the current blockchain ecosystem. The HCASH ecosystem will consist of two chains that include the HyperCash (HC) main chain and the HyperExchange (HX) chain that is derived from the main chain, but will work towards bridging communication between blockchains including BTC, ETH and others, and non-blockchains such as DAGs
Komodo describes itself as an open, composable multi-chain platform. With blockchain development roots going back to 2014, Komodo is reportedly one of the pioneers of multi-chain architecture in the blockchain space. As of Aug 2019, Komodo focuses on providing business-friendly blockchain solutions that are secure, scalable, interoperable, and adaptable. Komodo's current technology suite, the Antara framework, offers tools for end-to-end blockchain development, including a customizable, application-specific Smart Chain complete with a library of built-in modules and an open API for building blockchain-based applications.
æternity blockchain is an Erlang-based scalable smart contract platform engineered by programming pioneers to address some of the most fundamental challenges native to earlier blockchains. By redesigning blockchain technology at the protocol level, the æternity developer community has enabled the core protocol to understand and integrate a rich set of functionalities out of the box. Aeternity (AE) is a blockchain platform that focuses on high bandwidth transacting, purely-functional smart contracts, and decentralized oracles. It was founded in 2017, and seeks to eliminate inefficiencies in the crypto market by increasing scalability of smart contracts and dApps, sharding, and off-chain contract execution. The Turing-complete smart contracts on the Aeternity chain allow for transaction execution without third parties or intermediaries. Aeternity also has state channels to enable off-chain smart contract settlements which only touch the blockchain should a disagreement in the contract arise, acting as a self-arbitrating crypto court. The Aeternity blockchain is also built upon state-of-the-art cryptographic data structures which give rise to robust efficiency, strong security, and the elimination “single point of failure” (SPOF) issues.
Loopring is a non-custodial order book-based exchange protocol built using zero-knowledge (zk) technology. Released in November 2019, Loopring V3 introduced a zkRollup DEX design utilizing off-chain relayers to allow high-throughput trading with low settlement costs secured by Ethereum. Loopring users deposit their assets on-chain into a zkRollup smart contract and trade off-chain via relayers. Users’ funds are never transferred; instead users submit trades and relayers store the data representing users’ accounts, balances, and trade history off-chain then commit changes on-chain by submitting a valid zk proof to the ZkRollup contract. Users are always able to withdraw their assets with the data available on-chain. Loopring Exchange, a zkRollup DEX built using v3, went live on the Ethereum mainnet in December 2019. Loopring Exchange charges 0% maker order fees and taker order fees between 0.3%-0.10% depending on the trading pair. DEXes pay fees to Loopring Protocol; however, LRC is not associated with protocol fees. Loopring Protocol’s native LRC token is an ERC-20 designed to ensure the economic security of exchanges and align stakeholder incentives. Loopring’s latest audit was conducted by SECBIT in November 2019.
In today’s crowded and undifferentiated digital asset ecosystem, Aion introduces a distinct category of Open Applications. The OAN runs on Aion. As the native digital asset of The Open Application Network, Aion is used to secure and access the network. The OAN is a public infrastructure that creates a new design space for Open Applications. As a public system, a global community of individuals, software companies, and institutions secure and maintain the operations of the network. The critical functions are enabled and incentivized through Aion. The usage of the network is metered and paid in Aion, compensating those contributing to its operations. The OAN is solving the unintended consequences of today’s platform economies. As its economic underpinning, Aion is positioned as a leading digital asset backed by real usage today.
Decentraland is a decentralized virtual reality platform powered by the Ethereum blockchain. Within the Decentraland platform, users can create, experience, and monetize their content and applications. The finite, traversable, 3D virtual space within Decentraland is called LAND, a non-fungible digital asset maintained in an Ethereum smart contract. Land is divided into parcels that are identified by cartesian coordinates (x,y). These parcels are permanently owned by members of the community and are purchased using MANA, Decentraland’s cryptocurrency token. This gives users full control over the environments and applications that they create, which can range from anything like static 3D scenes to more interactive applications or games. Some parcels are further organized into themed communities, or Districts. By organizing parcels into Districts, the community can create shared spaces with common interests and uses. You can find a list of the original District Proposals on GitHub. The content that makes up Decentraland is stored and distributed via a decentralized network while ownership and transactions are validated on the Ethereum blockchain. MANA is Decentraland’s fungible, ERC20 cryptocurrency token. MANA is burned, or spent, in exchange for LAND parcels. For a current summary of critical stats like total and circulating supply, please visit our MANA Token Information transparency dashboard. See the Glossary for more information.
aelf is an innovative open-source blockchain network designed as a complete business solution. The structure of ‘one main chain + multiple side chains’ allows developers to independently deploy or run DApps (Distributed Applications) on individual side chains to achieve effective resource isolation. By adopting parallel processing and the unique AEDPoS consensus mechanism, aelf's technology made major breakthroughs in performance, achieving high throughput. Based on the cross-chain technology of the main chain index and verification mechanisms, aelf achieves efficient and secure communication between the main chain and all side chains, and as a result, allows direct interoperability between side chains. aelf meets the governance needs of different applications by providing a range of models, including a Parliament Governance Model, an Association Governance Model, and a Referendum Governance Model. Through the extremely fine-tuned incentive model, the network is equipped with a self-sustainable system and supports self-evolution on a practical basis. Simultaneously, developers can debug, develop and deploy applications based on a well-developed IDE provided by aelf. In order to expedite aelf’s integration with multiple business use cases, aelf has launched aelf Enterprise, an enterprise-level integrated blockchain solution. aelf Enterprise is based on the requirements of highly efficient business scenarios. To meet the requirements of different industries, including supply chain management, credit scoring, user incentives, and property protection, aelf Enterprise provides enterprises with a highly flexible yet practical modularized blockchain solution, which can help blockchain and the real economy grow hand in hand.
The WaykiChain is focused on developing its own technology, bottom public chain layer and as well corresponding to that an ecosystem which will foster technology research and development, as well as project operation. The independent research and development of the third generation of blockchain business reached the leading level in the industry, with high-performance transaction processing capabilities (TPS avg. 4500+), efficient mechanism of consensus (DPoS + pBFT), robust and smart engine (Lua + WASM) contract, plus the blockchain decentralized control ability. WaykiChain will provide expertise in critical areas of vertical industry with infrastructure services and industry solutions. At present, with the team's continuous investment in research and development and the active participation of the community of developers and users, the base of WaykiChain has been continuously upgraded and optimized. One of the critical financial roots of blockchain developed by WaykiChain, stablecoin WUSD (built on the bottom layer of the public chain) is also enhancing the potential synergy of decentralized business development.
Pundi X (NPXS) aims to make the use of cryptocurrency as a form of payment into a reality for retailers and consumers alike. By applying the technology to a series of real world use cases such as cards and the XPOS point-of-sale devices, the team has built products that could accept the NPXS token for goods and services. With the goals of supporting retail intelligence, marketing & loyalty programs as well as inventory & order management systems, the Pundi X Point-of-Sale device could help to support digital commerce worldwide.
Power Ledger (POWR), based in Australia, encourages us to imagine a world in which electricity is dependable, affordable and clean for everyone. Powered by contracts on the Ethereum network, the peer-to-peer energy exchange platform, their most mature platform, aims to democratize the trading of energy with transparent systems that allow individuals and communities to select the source of their power. In their dual token model, POWR is the utility token that users would escrow in order to use the platform, whilst Sparkz represent electricity credits tied to local fiat for marketplace participants. Both are used to create part of an economy in which households that generate electricity can trade with their neighbors for a fair return. The Power Ledger Token (POWRTM) is the fuel of the Power Ledger Ecosystem with bespoke private trading applications creating Sparkz in exchange for POWRs. Sparkz are currently purchased and redeemed using fiat currencies with individual trading platforms hosting closed loop exchanges for energy and Sparkz. Energy trading applications are not just conceptual, they are proven and deployed in communities and energy markets around the world including Australia, New Zealand, Europe and Asia.
Chiliz is a currency option for blockchain-backed products & services geared towards mainstream consumers. We want to elevate everyday experiences - fan engagement in entertainment, alternative payment solutions for conventional products, and more. Chiliz provides sports & entertainment entities with blockchain-based tools to help them engage & monetize their audiences. We do so by building scalable service layers on top of our own private, proof of authority blockchain (the Chiliz chain). All of these projects are fueled by the Chiliz token ($CHZ), a chain-agnostic digital currency which is currently available on leading crypto exchanges around the world.
Quant is a technology provider, delivering enterprise-grade interoperability for the secure exchange of information and digital assets across any network, platform or protocol, at scale. Quant’s Overledger OS is the world’s first DLT operating system that complements and connects existing systems and DLTs, to drive innovative and efficient growth for companies, public entities, and regulatory bodies alike. Headquartered in London, UK, Quant is recognised as a Gartner Cool Vendor 2019, and is committed to unleashing the power of systems that are as connected as the world we live in. The Quant Network team developed Quant as a cryptocurrency token based on the Ethereum blockchain. The solutions offered by Quant include Overledger OS and GoVerify. According to the whitepaper, the initial goals of the Overledger project were to develop an interface to connect the world’s networks to multiple blockchains, bridge existing networks to new blockchains, and to develop a blockchain operating system with a protocol and platform that allows developers to create next-generation multi-chain applications. Their proposition for GoVerify is to allow people to verify and check whether any emails, SMS, mail, or phone calls received appear as legitimate and actually from the stated sender.
Zcoin (XZC) is an open-source privacy-focused cryptocurrency token that launched in Sep 2016. Zcoin originally pioneered the use of Zerocoin to enable privacy but has since transitioned to a scheme called Sigma which is based on a paper by Jens Groth and Markulf Kohlweiss that reportedly allows greater scalability and removes the need for trusted setup in Zerocoin. With Zcoin’s Sigma feature, only the sender and receiver would be able to ascertain the exchange of funds in a given transaction, as no transaction histories are linked to the actual coins. Zcoin is also the creator of the Lelantus privacy protocol which improves Sigma's privacy and functionality.
Stratis (STRAT) is a blockchain-as-a-service provider that supports C# and .NET development. Enterprises are able to build their own private blockchains, which can be integrated with the main Stratis blockchain. Stratis is a powerful and flexible blockchain Development Platform designed for the needs of real-world financial services businesses and other organisations that want to develop,test and deploy applications on the blockchain. Stratis blockchain apps can be developed in pure C# and can also utilize the Microsoft .NET framework, while also taking advantage of the powerful Stratis APIs and framework. Stratis significantly simplifies the development process for creating Blockchain applications and accelerates the development lifecycle for blockchain development projects. Stratis private chains allow businesses to deploy their own customised blockchains without the overheads inherent in running their own blockchain network infrastructure. Stratis’s turnkey solution enables developers and businesses to create, test and deploy blockchain-based applications quickly and easily, all without the costs and security concerns that would otherwise arise from an in-house implementation.
Unibright is a team of blockchain specialists, architects, developers and consultants with 20+ years of experience in business processes and integration. We turn ideas into businesses, and improve processes with the help of blockchain technology. Unibright offers a unified framework that aims to bring blockchain technology and smart contracts to mainstream usage. Unibright develops enterprise blockchain solutions, builds integration platforms, and offers an ecosystem around tokenized assets. With its “no-coding-needed” approach, smart contracts can be generated, deployed, and updated automatically into different blockchains. Unibright works with visual, use case-related templates, and also automatically integrates existing IT systems into the blockchain. The team consists of blockchain specialists, architects, developers and consultants with 20+ years of experience in business processes and integration. Unibright is a German company contributing to the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance and leading the task force on Ethereum Mainnet Integration. The company has partnered with Microsoft and SAP, and is working with the likes of Lufthansa.
RIF (Rootstock Infrastructure Framework) is a third layer on top of Bitcoin that provides a wide range of solutions based on blockchain technology such as payments, storage, and domaining (RNS). It is a tech-stack where the $RIF token is required to use these services. RIF aims to create collaborative marketplaces where individuals interact on a peer-to-peer basis coordinated by immutable smart contracts in order to exchange information, value, and services with full control and transparency. The RIF Token allows any token holder to consume the services that are compatible with the RIF architecture. The combination of Bitcoin as a store of value and the RSK Smart Protocol as a smart-contract processing protocol opens up the possibility of running distributed applications on the Bitcoin Network, using the functionalities of general purpose (i.e. Turing-complete) smart contracts and the increased transaction speeds provided by the RSK Smart Protocol.
Aave is a decentralized non-custodial money market protocol where users can participate as depositors or borrowers. Depositors provide liquidity to the market to earn a passive income, while borrowers are able to borrow in an overcollateralized (perpetually) or undercollateralized (one-block liquidity) fashion Our protocol has been audited and secured. The protocol is completely open source, which allows anyone to interact with our user interface client, API or directly with the smart contracts on the Ethereum network. Being open source means that you are able to build any third-party service or application to interact with our protocol and enrich your product. In order to use the service, you simply deposit your preferred asset and amount. After depositing, you will earn passive income based on the market borrowing demand. Additionally, depositing assets allows you to borrow by using your deposited assets as a collateral. Any interest you earn by depositing funds helps offset the interest rate you accumulate by borrowing. LEND is used to govern the protocol, we are currently working on the implementation of the governance. Apart from this it will be possible to be staked within the protocol to provide security/insurance to the protocol/depositors and that way earn staking rewards and fees from the protocol. Also currently LEND token is burnt based on the fees gathered in the protocol, so holders benefit on the reduction of the supply.
MX is the native token of the MXC trading platform. MX holders reportedly benefit from asset appreciation, rebates on platform revenue, supervision, and voting. MX can be obtained through mining or purchases.
GXChain is a fundamental blockchain for the global data economy, designed to build a trusted data internet of value. Benefiting from DPoS based Graphene underlying architecture, GXChain possesses functions including G-ID, GVM, BaaS and BitWeaves, which are convenient for application development. GXChain provides a leading solution for the data economy by developing multiple trusted data modules. Data uploading, storage, computation, and exchange has been gradually realized with many commercialized applications. To provide the bottom level services of sharing, co-governance, transparency and security for the quadrillion level data economy market. Recent Progress -Continuous iteration of the main chain: GXChain has launched the staking mechanism and updated the voting mechanism from the one-vote multi-vote to one-token one-vote, making each vote of the public chain governance more valuable. -Trust Node ecosystem: Trust Node election has also attracted public Trust Nodes such as Huobi Pool, Binance Pool, NodeEasy, and South Korea's investment company Hillstone. GXChain staking One token one vote: The account can vote for no more than three candidate nodes, but each GXC is considered as one vote and can only vote for one node. GXC participating in the voting of public trust nodes will be pledged in their own wallets, and if the assets are transferred out, they will be deemed to be withdrawn. The top 21 nodes with accumulated ticket weights will be automatically elected as public trust nodes. How can you participate in GXChain staking？ GXC in BlockCity Wallet can vote at public trust nodes through the voting channel of BlockCity. - Vote on mobile GXChain wallet and PC wallet: GXC in GXChain mobile wallet and PC wallet can vote for trust nodes. - Exchanges: If the user's GXC is in an exchange wallet and the exchange supports GXChain's public trust node voting, this method can be used to vote.
Solve.Care is a healthcare IT company that builds blockchain platforms which the team believes may improve the way healthcare is delivered and managed. The Solve.Care platform reportedly uses blockchain technology as the underlying distributed ledger for coordinating care, benefits and payments between all parties in the chain of healthcare: patients, doctors, pharmacies, laboratories, employers, insurers, and others. SOLVE token is a utility token of the Solve.Care - decentralized healthcare platform built on blockchain technology. It is designed for care coordination, administration, and payments of healthcare and benefits around the world. This is a programmable token that serves as a fuel for the platform and raises a lot of value regarding audibility, reconciliation, reporting, and utilization SOLVE token has multiple uses across business (B2B), consumer (B2C), government (B2G) and developer (B2D) stakeholders globally.
The backbone of TomoChain's products and overall ecosystem is the TomoChain blockchain with its innovative Proof-of-Staking Voting (PoSV) consensus. To facilitate interactions between users (including Voters and Masternode owners) and the TomoChain blockchain, a set of protocols and products have been built to support speed, privacy, usability, and liquidity needs all in one platform. Our goal is to develop highly innovative products and technologies to make TomoChain an ideal platform for blockchain games, decentralized finance, and enterprise-oriented applications. TomoChain: TomoChain is the core public blockchain powering every Protocol, Product, and Dapp built on it. TomoScan: TomoScan provides a user-friendly and detailed blockchain explorer user interface for TomoChain. All blocks, transactions, finality, smart contracts, Dapps and token information are captured. Also offered are technical visualizations and useful statistics about TomoChain performance, token holders and other functionalities. TomoStats: TomoStats is a dashboard for TomoChain's network status. It shows various metrics, including the current number of masternodes, masternode performance, current TPS, block time, confirmation time, finality and other useful metrics. TomoMaster: TomoMaster is a governance Dapp that allows users to see a list of Masternodes and Masternode Candidates. TomoMaster is also used to launch a Masternode Candidate, vote for Masternodes, and view Masternode performance statistics. TomoWallet: TomoWallet is the official mobile wallet of TomoChain. Users can store TOMO, tokens issued on TomoChain, vote for Masternodes, track rewards and interact with Dapps. TomoBridge: TomoBridge connects TomoChain and other chains. It allows users to easily migrate native TOMO from TomoChain mainnet to another chain and vice versa. TomoX: TomoX is a Layer-1 decentralized cryptocurrency exchange protocol to launch permissionless Decentralized Exchanges (called Relayers). Relayers can be launched in minutes and perform at almost 50x faster than competing DEX solutions. TomoRelayer: TomoRelayer is a dashboard to register and launch a DEX by depositing 25,000 TOMO. Its admin dashboard allows operators to monitor, analyze and control digital assets on the DEX with a professional interface. TomoZ: TomoZ allows any token holder to transfer tokens without holding TOMO in their wallet. The transaction fees will be paid in the token the user is holding. TomoIssuer: TomoIssuer is a dashboard to issue a TRC21 token and apply the token to the TomoZ protocol in minutes without requiring any programming skills. TomoP: TomoP is a comprehensive privacy suite delivering the fastest privacy transactions, Dapp integration, multi-chain support, and private token issuance with regulatory compliance. TomoP is designed to create safe and untraceable transactions where sender/receiver wallet addresses and transaction values are hidden.
Electroneum is a UK-based cryptocurrency consisting of around 50 employees. Launched in 2017 with a $40 million ICO, its platform aims to provide a mobile-first payment solution for the world’s unbanked population, which to this day accounts for more than 1 billion people worldwide. Whilst the Electroneum app enables anyone to hold and transfer value in ETN instantly across the world at very little cost (a fraction of a US cent), it’s their complementary platforms that have reportedly led the company to acquire 4+ million users worldwide. Thousands of users are reportedly benefitting from ETN by selling their services on AnyTask.com – a freelance marketplace launched by Electroneum in 2020. The platform allows freelancers to sell their services for free and without incurring costs on their earnings, which are delivered instantly in ETN following the approval of their work. ETNDonate.com is another solution launched by Electroneum in 2020, which aims to make it easier for charities to promote themselves for free. They receive international donations in ETN at zero cost and are able to move those donations anywhere in the world quickly, ensuring they go to the right place without incurring cross border transfer fees. From a regulatory standpoint, Electroneum voluntarily introduced KYC and AML compliance procedures in 2018 ahead of the European 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive, ensuring all new users are onboarded accordingly and that Electroneum operates within guidelines set out by the 5th EU AML directive (and as subsequently enshrined in the laws of England & Wales). What Can Electroneum (ETN) be Used For? Users can spend their ETN from within the Electroneum app on a growing number of everyday essentials, including electricity and mobile airtime and data. These services have already been used thousands of times and Electroneum has pledged to continue adding more services just like this. Businesses can also begin accepting ETN via the app, or via the growing list of API integrations. For a full list of where you can spend ETN, visit the official Electroneum store directory - ETNEverywhere.com. Can You Mine Electroneum (ETN)? No, the Electroneum blockchain is a permissioned network. In 2019, Electroneum responded to corporate demand by moving to an in-house designed protocol called Proof of Responsibility (PoR). Compared with Proof of Work (PoW), this brought with it a host of benefits, including greater security, a massive reduction in energy consumption, and a redirection of ETN block rewards to educational initiatives. How Does Electroneum (ETN) Work? Electroneum’s blockchain consists of a monitoring layer that evaluates the network for security breach attempts. This layer provides Electroneum with a minimal, but sufficient level of interference to secure the network against a double-spend or 51% attack. If hackers were to breach the security of a permissioned validator, the moderating layer would immediately detect the breach and rescind the rights of that miner. What is an Electroneum (ETN) Halving? In July 2020, Electroneum pledged to keep ETN’s inflation rate to less than 2%. With that in mind, they implemented a series of halving events, the first of which took place in July 2020 and will continue every four years until 2032. After the 2032 halving, no more block reward reductions are planned until the maximum supply of 21 billion ETN is reached. Once this point is reached, the block reward gets reduced from 50 ETN to 25 ETN per block. How Do You Buy Electroneum (ETN)? You can buy ETN on any exchange that offers the token. For the full list of exchanges and trading pairs, please click on the market pairs tab above or visit Electroneum.com. Remember to do your own research before choosing an exchange. How Do You Store Electroneum (ETN)? Whilst you can store ETN on an exchange, the team always recommends using a wallet. You can store ETN within the Electroneum app, or for greater security, you can store your ETN on a paper wallet, which is downloadable at Electroneum.com. Ledger support is also coming in 2020 for ETN, so be sure to sign up for our updates at the Electroneum Newsroom.
RCN is a network of key Decentralized Finance service providers that interact with each other through an open-source set of Ethereum smart-contracts to connect debt markets’ supply and demand and enable frictionless lending use cases. The RCN token is an Ethereum smart-contract that sits at the heart of the RCN protocol, acting as a vehicle that allows value to seamlessly travel through the blockchain across borders and between currencies. Using a series of Liquidity Pools, the funds provided by a Creditor in another cryptocurrency can be exchanged by RCN, broadcasted to the blockchain and finally exchanged again for the Borrower’s currency of choice. The whole transaction takes place in just a few seconds and does not involve any fees, regardless of where the Creditor and the Borrower might be at the time of the operation. Moreover, as the funds are never stored in proprietary third-party wallets, security and transparency are guaranteed at every step of the process.
Elastos is a public blockchain project that integrates blockchain technology with a suite of reimagined platform services to produce a Modern Internet infrastructure that provides intrinsic protection for privacy and digital asset ownership. Elastos is a Modern Internet infrastructure powered by blockchain and governed by an autonomous, decentralized community. Our mission is to build not only a Modern internet of value, but an internet that has values. We believe that each person should own and control their digital footprint and the wealth vested in it. Developers, end users, and enterprise interests alike are welcome to build upon and participate in an internet free from data harvesting, surveillance, and third-party control. All blockchain projects face the same challenge: to achieve and sustain (1) Secure Networks, (2) Scalable Architecture, and (3) Decentralized Systems of Exchange. Until now, successfully establishing any two has necessarily come at the expense of the third. Elastos resolves the Blockchain Trilemma by leveraging the paramount security of the Bitcoin blockchain via Merge-Mining, configuring elegant Main Chain-Sidechain architecture to enable full scalability, and employing a sophisticated, multi-layered consensus mechanism that incorporates elements of Delegated-Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) and Cyber Republic Consensus (CRC) to establish well-checked processes of decentralized transaction and decision making throughout the Elastos ecosystem.
Project PAI is developing an open-source, blockchain-based platform designed to allow everyone to create, manage, and use their own Personal Artificial Intelligence (PAI). The PAI Blockchain Protocol (PAI blockchain) enables a decentralized AI economy where application developers can create products and services that will be beneficial to the PAI ecosystem and users can contribute their PAI data to improve and enhance the platform’s AI neural network. In addition, companies and developers can easily create their own token on top of the PAI blockchain to facilitate interaction and transaction in their own unique experiences. The focal point of all interactions on the PAI blockchain are PAIs - intelligent 3D avatars that look, talk and behave just like their human counterparts, made from the digital profiles of the user’s online behavior. Everyone in the world should have the ability to create and access their own PAI on the PAI blockchain. PAI’s are intelligent 3D avatars that embody ourselves in the digital space, enriched with our own voice, image, and behavior. They serve as our digital representative, able to learn new skills that supplement our own, and capable of performing a myriad of tasks independently and at our direction. Whether consumer, celebrity, artist, physician, politician - everyone should have ownership of their digital identity. Every PAI serves as the authenticated, realistic digital representative of their unique user. Every person who creates a PAI on the PAI blockchain will own, use, manage, and control their own assets on the PAI blockchain. As participants on a decentralized system, all of the data gathered on the PAI blockchain belongs to the user, not some central organization. In addition, the PAI itself is also owned by the user. The user is free to control who is allowed to use their PAI and the associated data, receiving compensation for their participation on the PAI blockchain.
Nash aims to make decentralized finance fast, simple, and safe by enabling users to transfer assets securely without the need to trust intermediaries. It reportedly combines the security benefits of blockchain with the speed and functionality of traditional services. Its decentralized exchange is reportedly fast due to its proprietary matching engine. Nash is a fintech company using blockchain as infrastructure for the digital finance space. Nash raised over 20 million USD in our public security token offering and over 10 million USD from leading venture capital firms. Legal compliance is key to growing digital finance. It is not realistic to expect businesses to operate under questionable legal conditions. They must offer legal safety to users and investors. Nash is pioneering compliance in all our operations. The Nash Exchange token (NEX) is the world’s first digital security, laying the groundwork for future companies to release their own digital securities.
BHT is the token issued by the BHEX trading platform ecosystem.